Lecture on the occasion of the 150th birthday of Gandhi
16. Oct. 2019
Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbadar (West Gujarat, India) on October 2, 1869. In memory of this special personality in world history, Dr. Johannes Hartlapp gave a lecture on October 13, 2019 on: "Gandhi: Resistance without violence?"
Mahatma Gandhi, whose actual name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, is considered to be the initiator of India's non-violent liberation from the British colonial rule. His father was Prime Minister of the Indian state of Porbadar, which meant that his family belonged to the upper class that lived as practicing Hindus without violence.
From 1888 to 1891, the young Gandhi studied law in London. He then worked as a lawyer in India. In 1893, he moved to Pretoria (South Africa), where many Indians lived and were treated as second-class people. Here, he stood up for their rights. In 1914, he returned to India and joined a movement demanding the country's national independence. He organized strikes against the colonial government and boycotts against imported goods. The "Salt March" in 1930 went down in history books as a protest against the British salt monopoly. Under Gandhi's leadership, India achieved independence on June 3, 1947. Gandhi was shot dead by a nationalist in 1948.